"Stutenherde im kaiserlichen Lipizza" - Johann Georg von Hamilton (1672-1737)
|Height:||1.55 m bis 1,58 m Stm.|
|Colour:||overwhelming white, seldom black an brown horses|
|Structure:||baroque type, wide breast, long enough and muscular back, strong round croup, rather great long head with small ears, ramsnose,muscular not too long neck with a stressed top|
|Basis:||short, strong and sharp; small, hard and optimal formed hooves|
|Movement:||busy, energetic; trot with more or less motion of the knees (compare Spanish march)|
|Use:||dressage, trips, leisure time|
The former white horses of the Habsburg monarchy have their origin as the oldest culture horse race of Europe secured by
consequent stud farming in Lipica, today's Slovenia. The foundation of breeding Lipizzan horses was created on the initiative
of Archduke Charles II in 1580 by introducing and fusing the blood of imported horses from Spain and later from Naples and
Arab countries with the native Karst horse. The horse "Karster Rasse Lipizzaner Zucht" was created.
Due to our history on which war-times had left their marks on it the Lipizzan spread all over the other East-European
countries too. Studs were created in Romania (Simbata de Jos), Hungary (Szilvasvard), today's Slovakia (Topolcianky), Croatia (Dakovo), Yugoslavia (military stud Karadjordevo), Bosnia (Prnjavor) and Italy (Monterotondo).
The breeding-farm at which the Lipizzans for the Spanish dressage academy are bred is the stud-farm Piber is situated in the
Steiermark (Austria). Because of the different demands which these studs made to the horse so developed an ununiform type
of the Lipizzan horse: in Piber you will find a baroque type of the Lipizzan, while in Lipica you will find a bigger modern
saddle-horse. In Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Croatia a more obese and bigger type of horse, which is
ideal for carriages, is bred. Meanwhile Hungarian Lipizzans have established in the international racing-sport. The type of a working (agricultural usage) horse as it is described in the specialist literature is no more raised.
In Germany the breeders, who are members in the "Verband der Züchter der Spezialpferderassen in Bayern", came to an agreement which corresponds to the
guidelines of the I.L.U. This type of Lipizzan is defined: baroque type, wide breast, long enough and muscular back, strong round croup, rather great long head with small ears, ramsnose, muscular not too long neck with a
stressed top. The movement should be: willing to work, energetic and easy to handle. The measurement: 1,55m to 1,58m.